gunnera perpensa medicinal uses

Gunnera and a few other plants have an unusual internal vascular system. Leaves of this species are used in covering curanto (a traditional Chilean food). Medicinal In traditional medicines a decoction of the plant is used to remove excess fluid from the body or excess blood and the placenta in humans and cattle Delta Books, Johannesburg . G. perpensa is widespread in tropical Africa from Sudan, Ethiopia, Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Mozambiqu , extending along the central and eastern areas of southern Africa down to the Western Cape , including Swaziland and Lesotho . This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Medicinal Other uses of the herb: A black dye is obtained from the root. The common name river pumpkin refers to the leaves resembling pumpkin leaves and it grows along rivers-similarly, wild rhubarb, because it grows and looks like rhubarb, and in South America the locals eat the thick leaf stalks, either raw or cook it like rhubarb. The leaves are used to stop bleeding and were carried by the European soldiers to treat the wounds of war, hence its name of Achillea from Achilles. Name. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. among which is Gunnera perpensa L. Gunnera perpensa is of considerable ethnobotanical interest in traditional medicine because of its wide usage. Gunnera perpensa is a useful species, somewhere between the mini species and their massive cousins. Abstract Gunnera perpensa L. is a medicinal plant used in many parts of South Africa to treat several human ailments.G. Gunnera perpensa is a perennial, robust, erect herb up to 1 m. tall that always grows near water. 2003. Gunnera perpensa (Gunneraceae), known as river pumpkin, or “uGhobo” in isiZulu, is a perennial shrub which grows along stream banks in many parts of South Africa. Also, it is the only group of land plants that host the cyanobacteria in intercellular spaces, in other words the cyanobacteria live in the spaces between the cells. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. The veins are very noticeable on the lower surface of the leaf, radiating from the point where the petiole joins the leaf, referred to as palmate radiation. Ken Fern, BHAT: MEDICINAL PLANTS OF XHOSA PEOPLE, SOUTH AFRICA 295 Table 1—Medicinal plants and traditional practices of Xhosa people in the Transkei region Eastern Cape (South Africa)—(contd.) 1992). Decoctions are also taken orally to relieve dysuria, rheumatic pains and dyspepsia, as a stomachic, or for colds. 58, No. The Zulu name ugobho refers to its use; gobhoza in Zulu means the flowing of fluids, in particular the flowing of water. Ethekweni Parks Department & University of Natal, Durban. 1992). References. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Other angiosperms, for instance many of the plants in the pea family, have nitrogen-fixing bacteria that occur within specialized cells, not outside the cell wall. The database and code is licensed under a According to Fox & Norwood Young (1982) the Sothos, Fingos, Xhosas and Zulus eat the petioles and flower stalks raw. Indigenous people use the essence extracted from the roots to expel the placenta after birth and to relieve menstrual pains. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Uses. An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants. Other uses. It is in flower from July to August. Gunnera perpensa is the only species of the genus Gunnera that has been recorded in Africa. Medicinal plants traded on South Africa 's eastern seaboard . Gunnera perpensarhizome is a common ingredient of inembeand isihlambezo, preparations used during the last trimester of pregnancy to ensure healthy foetal growth and easy delivery 2. I covered the rim with some attractive stones and planted Gunnera perpensa and Cyperus prolifer together. For the toning of the uterus, it is common to use a combination of plants, e.g. 2003. 1992; Mendes 1978). The rhizomes are widely used and indiscriminately collected in large quantities from the wild to meet the ever increasing demand in traditional medicine … Gunnera tinctoria is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). Download medicinal plant monograph on this plant as pdf file. 1992). Some of the large exotic species of Gunnera are sold at our local nurseries. They are large, dark bluish green, kidney-shaped and covered with hairs on both surfaces, especially along the veins in young leaves. The margin of the leaves is irregularly toothed. The aqueous extracts of Gunnera perpensa and Harpephyllum caffrum were most active against all the tested bacteria. This was sunk into the soil where I am in the process of designing a wetland feature in our garden. In traditional medicines a decoction of it is used to remove excess fluid from the body or excess blood and the placenta in humans and cattle (Ngwenya et al. The petioles and flower stalks are eaten raw by the indigenous people of southern Africa. Gunnera perpensa is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 6in). It also is eaten in various ways, largely the petioles, flower stalks and leaves, fresh and raw, preferably with skins and fibre removed, which is said to remove bitterness, but also cooked. It has not been recorded in the Northern Cape Province, Namibia and Botswana (Bergman et al. 2003; Van Wyk & Gericke 2000; Von Ahlenfeldt et al. Flora zambesiaca 4: 79-81. 42: the Nostoc - Gunnera symbiosis. ); rivierpampoen, wilde ramenas (Afr. Not registered yet? Flowering plant at the University of California Botanic Garden, Berkeley, California. http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 1992; Mendes 1978). Gunnera perpensa is a large, deciduous, very hardy marsh plant with large tuberous roots and beautiful large round leaves on long stems, reaching a height of 1m. Medicinal use of Gunnera perpensa: None known Known hazards of Gunnera perpensa: None known Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. No nutrients were added-the only requirement is to maintain a wet, soggy habitat. Its leaves, rhizomes, roots, and stems are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties and used to treat or manage various human and animal diseases and The biosynthesis of nanoparticles has become quite popular and has been proposed as an alternative over the tedious, expensive, and toxic physical and chemical methods of synthesis due to its cost-effectiveness and ecofriendliness. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Tansley Review No. This study involved the biosynthesis, characterization, and evaluation of the antibacterial activity of Gunnera perpensa-mediated AgNPs. & Margulis, L. 2002. Acid and refreshing. In South America, the native people eat the leaf stalks raw or cooked, similar to rhubarb. On each spike there will be female flowers at the base, male flowers at the top and bisexual flowers in the middle, flowering between September and February (Mendes 1978). Edible. Download medicinal plant monograph on this plant as … Briza Publications, Pretoria . Medicinal. An investigation was undertaken to determine whether this plant possesses antibacterial activity, which may explain its efficacy. National Botanical Institute, Durban . New Phytologist 122: 379-400. 2003; Van Wyk & Gericke 2000; Von Ahlenfeldt et al. Mendes, E.J. It is best known in the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal where it has been used traditionally as a “muthi” (medicinal) plant by the indigenous Zulu people for a long time. The evidence-based medicine (EBM) or practice, as was championed by Sackett could be categorised into “two levels”. Gunnera perpensa on the other hand has been studied extensively mostly for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Email Among the plants tested, Gunnera perpensa, Harpephyllum caffrum, Hypoxis latifolia and Ledebouria ovatifolia showed the best antibacterial activity. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 102b: 45-48. Gunnera perpensa L. is a medicinal plant used in many parts of South Africa to treat several human ailments. As the young embryonic leaves move up through the soil to reach the surface, the secretory cells in the glandular structure produce mucus to which the filaments of Nostoc adhere, and then undergo structural changes to form hormogonia. The effect of an aqueous extract of the rhizome of the plant on milk production in rats was investigated. Haloragaceae. Gunnera is the only genus in the family, with about 45-50 species, with G. perpensa being the only species occurring in Africa . Conclusions: Of the 87 plants used for reproductive healthcare, the highest number (31) is used for … Indigenous people use the essence extracted from the roots to expel the placenta after birth and to relieve menstrual pains. However, the destruction of its habitat due to mismanagement of the wetlands and uncontrolled harvesting for the medicinal trade market, are the main threats to the survival of Gunnera perpensa . The genus Gunnera has numerous unique characteristics, some of which indicate that these plants have been around for the last 95 million years and belong to one of the oldest angiosperm families as well as being among the largest herbs on earth (Bergman et al. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Fox, F.W. The flowers are numerous, small and not very noticeable, tiny pinkish reddish brown, borne on a long slender spike, which is taller than the leaves. It is in flower in August. It cannot tolerate frost and even when growing in warm protective areas it will die back for the coldest months of the year. Female lactating rats that received oral doses of the extract of G.perpensa significantly (p<0.05) produced more milk than controls. When Linnaeus named it, he was unaware of even more majestic species that occurred in Central and South America, Madagascar, Malaysia, Tasmania, New Zealand and Hawaii (Bergman et al. Van Wyk, B-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. & Norwood Young, M.E. If you are fortunate to acquire a plant from a legal source, they are not difficult to grow, provided you create a wet, marshy area. The flowers are numerous, small and not very noticeable, tiny pinkish reddish brown, borne on a long slender spike, which is taller than the leaves. The genus Gunnera was named by Carl von Linnaeus in honor of Johan Ernst Gunnerus (1718-1773) who was a Norwegian Bishop of Trondheim and a botanist who wrote the Flora norvegica (1766-1772) (Bergman et al. 1982. web interface by Other uses. The stalks of G. tinctoria (nalcas), from Southern Chile and Argentina, are edible. It is of impor-tance to investigate its use as an antimicrobial remedy. It makes large purple hooked flowers over the heart shaped foliage, easily confused with marsh marigolds when young. Ajna Fern Rhizome extracts of Gunnera perpensa are used in traditional remedies in South Africa to treat endometritis both in humans and animals. The species is quite common and has not been evaluated for the Red Data List (Von Ahlenfeldt 2003). Gunnera perpensa, is a species of Gunnera found in Madagascar. The internal arrangement of the vascular system is evidence that Gunnera was adapted to survive in the swamps where the dinosaurs browsed. Propagation of Gunnera: Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a sandy mix in a cold frame. Decoctions are additionally used to dress wounds, treat colds, or to give animals protection from tickbitesandotherparasites,1whichindi- cates that there may be antiseptic and/or antibiotic properties associated with these solutions. Gunnera perpensa, Scabiosa columbaria, and Eriospermum ornithogaloides. Medicinal A decoction of the roots is used to treat dyspepsia; to expel the placenta after birth; and to relieve menstrual pains[ Zulu botanical knowledge : an introduction. One of the other characteristics of Gunnera is the specialized glandular structure that develops at the base of each petiole to assist in the entry of Nostoc punctiforme, which occurs naturally in the wet, marshy soil. The petioles and flower stalks are eaten raw by the indigenous people of southern Africa. 1. Ngwenya, M.A., Koopman, A. It prefers moist soil. Login to add your Comment Richard Morris. Media related to Gunnera perpensa at Wikimedia Commons; Data related to Gunnera perpensa at Wikispecies This page was last edited on 6 March 2020, at 02:05 (UTC). Gunnera perpensa L. (Gunneraceae) is a medicinal plant used by Zulu traditional healers to stimulate milk production. These structures become mobile and start moving down into spaces between the cells. 2003. If you would like to support this site, please consider. Edible parts of Gunnera: Young leaf stalks - peeled and cooked as a vegetable or eaten raw. sup1, pp. Leaves are used as a roof covering. People's plants: a guide to useful plants of southern Africa . Is this what the dinosaurs ate? deep. Edible. It is quite vigorous when it gets established and makes good ground cover in the margins, but is not suitable for cold areas as the fleshy stems freeze solid and that's curtains. The petioles have a bitter taste unless the fibrous vascular bundles and the outer covering are removed. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. (1992) and Benson & Margulis (2002). In South Africa, a decoction of the roots of Gunnera perpensa is used to expel the placenta after birth or to relieve menstrual pains (Ngwenya et al. Renè GlenKwaZulu-Natal Herbarium December 2005, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. I obtained the largest flat bottom plastic basin I could, about 30 cm. The petioles vary in length from 150 to 750 mm. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. However, the most unique oddity is that it is the only genus of flowering plants that has a symbiotic relationship with a nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). The latter was purchased at a nursery, whereas G. perpensa was a gift from KwaZulu-Natal National Botanical Garden . G. perpensa is inherited from and linked to the Siswati, Changana, Sotho, Venda, Shona, Tsonga, and Zulu traditional healing systems, particularly in South African provinces where the plant species is still found in the wild. (2016). Subscribe to our newsletter to receive updates on sales and health tips. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. G. perpensa is inherited from and linked to the Siswati, Changana, Sotho, Venda, Shona, Tsonga, and Zulu traditional healing systems, particularly in South African provinces where the plant species is still found in the wild. G. perpensa is declining considerably throughout its natural habitat due to over-exploitation of the plant for its medicinal uses. This is quite a complex process and for a more detailed description please refer to Bergman et al. The inside tissues are yellow-brown. 2003). Extracts ofGunnera perpensaare traditional remedies for treating endo- metritis in both humans and animals. Read on to find out. The root contains 9% tannin. perpensa is inherited from and linked to the Siswati, Changana, Sotho, Venda, Shona, Tsonga, and Zulu traditional healing systems, particularly in South African provinces where the plant species is still found in the wild.G. ); qobo (Sotho); uqobho (Swati); rambola-vhadzimu, shambola-vhadzimu (Venda); iphuzi lomlambo, ighobo (Xhosa); ugobhe, ugobho (Zulu). Gunnera perpensa is an ingredient in many herbal concoctions and prescriptions which have been used to induce or augment labour, postnatal medication, to treat parasitic diseases, urinary complaints, kidney problems, general body pains, sexually transmitted infections, and many other diseases. External links. On that note, Gunnera perpensa is a Southern African medicinal plant which is prescribed by traditional healers for treatment of a number of infectious diseases, to treat wounds, urinary tract infections as well as a number of female reproductive and pregnancy related problems. 1978. Gunnera perpensa is a very hardy, deciduous marsh plant, with large tuberous roots that have a nitrogen fixing, symbiotic relationship with blue-green algae. It has beautiful big, round, bluish-green leaves that are carried on long stems and arise from a central point on the roots. Heteromorpha arborescens has many and varied uses in traditional medicine (Hutchings et al., 1996; Van Wyk and Gericke, 2000; Lundgaard et al., 2007). The G. perpensa will die back in the winter months, the C. prolifer is evergreen, so there is always something growing in that part of the wetland. Medicinal. S39-S40. Gunnera occurs naturally in central and southern Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand, Tasmania, Indonesia, the Philippines, Hawaii, Mexico, Central and South America. In Latin, perpenso means to weigh exactly or consider carefully, which points to the impact its bold, majestic appearance has as well as the importance of its presence to a wetland (Smith & Stern 1972). The Gunnera manicata - Nostoc symbiosis: is the red stipulate tissue symbiogenetic? South African Family Practice: Vol. In South Africa, a decoction of the roots of Gunnera perpensa is used to expel the placenta after birth or to relieve menstrual pains (Ngwenya et al. All the leaves arise from a central tuft near the top of the apex, just above the soil level. Sadly, our indigenous species are rarely ever available at nurseries, yet it is a plant with features that would look most attractive in any wetland. All Gunnera species are wind pollinated and the fruits are red, fleshy berries that are dispersed by birds. Click here to register. And Achilles' weak spot was his heel or rather the big tendon of his heel. with help from The strength of Gunnera perpensa’s “evidence of traditional use”. Bergman, B., Johansson, C. & Söderbäck, E. 1992. Their principal use is fresh consumption, but also they are prepared in salads, liquor or marmalade. The roots are up to 300 mm thick, creeping in black, muddy soil. Introduction. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Benson, J. Both plants had sufficient soil around the roots to fill the plastic basin. In South America, the native people eat the leaf stalks raw or cooked, similar to rhubarb. Food from the veld. & Williams, R. 2003. Von Ahlenfeldt, D., Crouch, N.R., Nichols, G., Symmonds, R., McKean, S., Sibiya, H., & Cele, M.P. Medicinal It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Gunnera perpensa is a source of traditional medicine in Southern Africa, both in veterinary and human ailments, largely in obstetric and digestive complaints, but also as a wound dressing. Keywords: evidence-based medicine, Gunnera perpensa, Therapeutic Goods Administration, traditional medicines In the allopathic medicine, indications or therapeutic uses and claims are based on scientific evidence. Gunnera perpensa L. (Gunneraceae) is a medicinal plant used by Zulu traditional healers to induce labor, expel the placenta after birth and to relief menstrual pains. Scientific name & Voucher Number Local name Xhosa (X), English (E) Family Ailment/diseases Parts and mode of use/uses 13 Gunnera perpensa L. (RBB 225) Iphuzi (X); Some South American species of gunnera have striking, enormous leaves and are popular ornamental plants in parks and gardens. , Scabiosa columbaria, and Eriospermum ornithogaloides among the plants tested, Gunnera,. To useful plants of southern Africa our Garden several human ailments.G and evaluation the! To Bergman et al Fingos, Xhosas and Zulus eat the leaf stalks - peeled cooked. The plant for its medicinal uses human visitor and to relieve menstrual pains, characterization and! Eriospermum ornithogaloides: 45-48 site, please consider are red, fleshy berries that are dispersed by birds medicinal. 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L. is a PERENNIAL, robust, erect herb up to 300 mm thick, creeping in black, soil..., soggy habitat ; Von Ahlenfeldt et al may explain its efficacy Fingos, Xhosas Zulus! And are popular ornamental plants in parks and gardens ( light woodland ) or no shade <... The stalks of G. tinctoria ( nalcas ), from southern Chile and Argentina, edible. Cyperus prolifer together leaves and are popular ornamental plants in parks and.... Cape Province, Namibia and Botswana ( Bergman et al exotic species of Gunnera perpensa is a growing. After birth and to prevent automated spam submissions species and their massive cousins that... On South Africa to treat endometritis both in humans and animals the evidence-based medicine ( EBM ) or practice as... Acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils ), medium ( loamy ) and (!

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